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measles-vaccinationMeasles outbreaks are not uncommon in Afghanistan. Twenty children died this winter due to complications caused by measles in the western provinces of Ghor and Baghdis, according to the World Health Organization.

Harvesting OpiumAfghanistan has been the world's biggest illicit opium producer for the past 20 years, according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. During that time, tens of thousands Afghans have become inadvertent drug addicts while harvesting poppy.

Increases in health facilities and services are credited with extending the average life expectancy of Afghans. Other factors include better education and living conditions.

It is said that during a conflict, life expectancy will go down. The violence itself takes its toll and it worsens living conditions, so people are more likely to get sick and die.

what to do with broken armBroken bones that are not treated correctly from the beginning can cause many problems and medical complications. For example, a broken arm that is bandaged too tightly may lead to an amputation. So it is very important to know what to do with a broken bone before a qualified doctor can be found for further treatment.

Stray animals may attack people and infect them with a virus called rabies. If a person is bitten by a rabid animal, it can prove fatal. It is vital to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Typhus is a potentially fatal disease carried by lice. It is especially common in over-crowded places where there is bad hygiene and sanitation. Outbreaks of typhus epidemics often occur in refugee camps following wars or natural disasters.

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